Inscribed cuneiform artifacts catelogued by the CDLI number nearly 300,000 individual pieces. While those tagged as “Royal/Monumental” number just 14,000, they assume a disproportionately large role in history, literature, and linguistics in the several sub-fields of cuneiform studies. Building, historical, or votive inscriptions mentioning royal personages are found not just on tablets of clay, stone, or precious metals, but also on clay tags, bricks, nails, cones, cylinders, and prisms; on stone stelae, wall slabs, plaques, statues, socles, vessels, mace heads, door pivots, and foundation pegs; and on metal foundation deposits, figurines, vessels and weapon blades.

Introduction to the project
Oracc: Sumerian royal
Oracc: neo-Assyrian royal
Terms of use


All inscriptions sorted by publication

Translated composite inscriptions

Score versions of the royal texts

Cyrus cylinder!

Inscriptions by period:

   ED I-II (ca. 2900-2700 BC)
   ED IIIa (ca. 2600-2500 BC)
   ED IIIb (ca. 2500-2340 BC)
   Old Akkadian (ca. 2500-2340 BC)
   Lagash II (ca. 2200-2100 BC)
   Ur III (ca. 2100-2000 BC)
   Early Old Babylonian (ca. 2000-1900 BC)
   Old Assyrian (ca. 1950-1850 BC)
   Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
   Middle Hittite (ca. 1500-1100 BC)
   Middle Babylonian (ca. 1400-1100 BC)
   Middle Assyrian (ca. 1400-1000 BC)
   Middle Elamite (ca. 1300-1000 BC)
   Neo-Assyrian (ca. 911-612 BC)
   Neo-Babylonian (ca. 911-612 BC)
   Achaemenid (547-331 BC)
   Hellenistic (323-63 BC)

Inscriptions by material:

   Bone & related

Inscriptions by type:

   Other (reliefs, stelae, door
      sockets, mace heads, etc.)

Search all CDLI inscriptions

The image to the right depicts a typical foundation stone tablet from the Lagash II period (ca. 2200-2100 BC) ruler Gudea with confirmation of the contruction of a city wall for the tutelary deity of the capital, Ningirsu. The artifact is kept in Balitmore’s Walters Art Museum.

It reads (with Wiki links):
    For Ningirsu, the mighty warrior
    of Enlil, his master: Gudea, the
    ruler of Lagash, his (Ningirsu’s)
    wall of Girsu restored for him.

  Copyright © Cuneiform
Digital Library Initiative

A cooperative effort of Daniel A. Foxvog
and the Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative