Citation and Bibliography - recommendations for printed works
N.B. See separate file for notes on how to cite Electronic Sources
We leave it to the authors to choose between the standard footnote apparatus common in Assyriology and the test reference used in the social sciences.
Using a footnote apparatus
Consult the stylesheet of the publication Orientalia for guidelines in the use of footnotes in your article. Punctuation should generally follow the guidelines of The Chicago Manual of Style, 14th ed., rev. (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1993).
Within the text
In the text the brief reference, in brackets, comprises: author's or editor's surname; date of publication; comma, page number(s) not preceded by p. or pp. If two authors share the same surname and year of publication, give initials as well as surname. If more than one work by the same author in the same year is cited, the works should be distinguished with a lower case letter e.g. 1959a, 1959b etc. (not as 1959, 1959a etc.). If there are two or three authors, give all names. If there are more than three authors, quote the first name and use the formula `et al.'.
The brief reference should be expanded to a full reference in the bibliography.
Where there is no appropriate author's or editor's name, as for some published historical sources or institutional publications, or where the name of the source, not the author, is normally cited, use a shortened version of the source or the institution in italics. List the abbreviations in the bibliography.
In the bibliography/reference section
The bibliography is an alphabetical list of all authorities quoted in the article.
For a book
We recommend the following style:
Where a book forms part of a series, the name of the series and the number should also be given.
For a periodical
Author's name as given at the head of the article (initials after the surname)
For a contribution within a book or an article
Author's name (initials after surname)