^{1} The three tablets are W 21385, a two-column fragment with a broken context (O0201: 3N_{14} [...] ˹1N_{16}?˺ EN_{a} X U_{4}×2N_{57} [...]), where the traces of the sign rendered as 1N_{16} allow its reconstruction as NUMUN as well; W 21537, a fragmentary account of possibly grain groats, where the sign N_{16} occurs in a broken context (R0101: [...] ˹1N_{30}c˺ 1N_{16} ˹3N_{57}?˺ X ˹HIgunû_{a}?˺ [...]); and ATU 3, pl. 75, W 21208,8+, a fragmentary lexical list, where the signs 1N_{16} and 1N_{17} are listed in sequence (O0105-6: 1N_{1} 1N_{16} / 1N_{16} 1N_{17}).
^{2}
MS 4499, to be published in R. K. Englund, Proto-Cuneiform Texts from the Schøyen Collection (=PCTSC); photographs and transliteration available in the CDLI under no. P006303.
^{3} The transliteration provided [5 Dec. 2005] in CDLI has ˹SANGA_{a}˺ UR_{5a} in case O0105b1; the reading ˹ŠU˺ UR_{5a} is supported by the parallel sections of MSVO 3,
26 (O0101a / O0102a), CDLI no.
P006396 (O0304a / R0101),
MS 4496 (O0101),
MS 4559 (O0201),
CUNES 51-02-001.1 (O0101a / O0102a / O0103a),
CUNES 51-10-032 + CUNES 51-10-034 (R0101b1) and
CUNES 51-10-007 (O0201) (the last three texts are to be published as CUSA 1 [S. Monaco, The Cornell University Archaic Tablets (=Cornell University Studies in Assyriology vol. 1, forthcoming)], nos.
74,
97 and
172).
^{4} For the value of the barig cf. fn. 11 below.
^{5} To be published as CUSA 1,
143.
^{6} Tablets recording similar calculations are CDLB 2003/4 and
CUNES 51-01-098 (=CUSA 1,
114).
^{7} CUSA 1,
172.
^{8} There is also an unlikely occurrence in
CUNES 51-01-100 (=CUSA 1,
149), which is disregarded in the present analysis because the shape of this and other numerical signs, present in the same case (O0103), do not allow a reliable identification of the signs themselves.
^{9} CUSA 1,
112.
^{10} For similar case arrangements and numerical relation-ships in analogous accounting contexts of various kinds of breads and cereal products, cf. the following texts: MSVO 1,
90 (O0206a/O0206b: 1N_{51} GAR 1N_{24}? / 4N_{5}), MSVO 1,
111 (O0103a/O0103b: 1N_{51} GAR 1N_{28} / 1N_{20}), MSVO 3,
3 (O0101a/O0101b; O0103a/O0103b: 2N_{51} 1N_{30}c DU8c ABb EZINUd / 4N_{5} 4N_{42a}; 5N_{51} 1N_{30c} DU_{8c} GIŠxŠU_{2b} SAR_{a} / 2N_{20}); MSVO 4,
66 (O0102a/O0102b; O0103a/O0103b; O0104a/O0104b; O0105a/O0105b: 1N_{51} 1N_{24} / 2N_{20}; ˹1N_{51}˺ 1N_{26} / 1N_{20} 2N_{5}; ˹2N_{51}˺ 1N_{34} 1N_{28} / ˹2N_{20} 3N_{5}˺; 5N_{51} 1N_{29a} / 4N_{20}),
CUNES 50-08-073.1 (=CUSA 1,
113) (O0101a/O0101b; O0102a/O0102b: 2N_{51} 1N_{34} 3N_{57} ŠU / 2N_{5} HIgunû_{a}; 1N_{51} 1N_{30c} GAR / 2N_{5} 2N_{42} HIgunû_{a}),
CUNES 51-06-009 (=CUSA 1,
118) (O0101a/O0101b; O0102a/O0102b: 2N_{51} ŠE_{a}+GAR 1N_{29}c / 1N_{20} 3N_{5}; 2N_{51} 1N_{30c} ŠE_{a}+GAR / 4N_{5}).
^{11} Assuming for the barig (N_{1}) a value of approximately 24 liters (according to P. Damerow and R. K. Englund, “Die Zahlzeichensysteme der Archaischen Texte aus Uruk,” in M. W. Green and H. J. Nissen, Zeichenliste der Archaischen Texte aus Uruk [=ATU 2; Berlin 1987] 153-154, fn. 60), 1N_{16} represents about ^{1}/_{4} of a liter. It is worth noting that in later periods the minimum value of the rations due to the lowest class of workers (dumu) amounted to 10 sila_{3} per month (cf S. Monaco, “Parametri e Qualificatori nei testi economici della terza Dinastia di Ur,” OrAnt 24, 21ff.). This value corresponds to a daily ration amounting to ^{1}/_{3} sila3, equivalent to approximately ^{1}/_{4} liter (based on a sila3 value of ^{5}/_{6} liter), i.e., the same value represented by 1N_{16}. Whether such a coincidence implies a continuity in the Mesopotamian administrative ration system of the 3^{rd} millennium shall be left to a study that is beyond the scope of the present analysis.
## Version: 3 December 2005 |