More than 1100 cuneiform artifacts are kept in the Museum of the Abbey of Montserrat (Barcelona), making it the largest collection of its kind in Spain. The catalogue of these texts was produced by Ignacio Márquez Rowe and Manuel Molina (see their publication in Aula Orientalis 15 [1996], pp. 21-31, with a complete bibliography). Nearly three-quarters of this collection consist of documents dated from the time of the so-called Third Dynasty of Ur (ca. 2100-2000 BC), and have been published, first by N. Schneider in 1932, then by M. Molina in 1996 and 1997.

Thanks to funding from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and within the framework of an agreement of cooperation signed between the CDLI and the Abbey of Montserrat (represented by Father Pius-Ramon Tragan), María-Dolores Casero Chamorro, Bertrand Lafont, Ignacio Márquez Rowe and Klaus Wagensonner were, in November and December of 2012, able to carry out a digitization mission to ensure the long-term digital preservation of this collection, following the conventional procedures of the CDLI.

The Abbey of Montserrat and the CDLI are pleased to present the results of this work in the following pages.


Introduction to the collection
Museum homepage


All Montserrat inscriptions sorted by museum number

All Montserrat inscriptions sorted by publication

Texts by period:

   Old Akkadian (ca. 2350-2200 BC)
   Lagash II period (ca. 2200-2100 BC)
   Ur III period (ca. 2100-2000 BC)
   Early Old Babylonian (ca. 2000-1900 BC)
   Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
   Middle Babylonian (ca. 1400-1100 BC)
   Middle Hittite (ca. 1500-1100 BC)
   Middle Elamite (ca. 1300-1000 BC)
   Neo-Assyrian (911-612 BC)
   Neo-Babylonian (626-539 BC)
   Achaemenid (547-331 BC)
   Hellenistic (330-141 BC)

Texts by text genre:

   Administrative texts      Legal texts      Letters
   Royal/Monumental texts      Literary texts
   Lexical texts      School texts      Mathematical texts
   Medical Texts      Astronomical texts      Rituals

Search all CDLI inscriptions

The text to the right (MVN 18, 321) dates back to the Ur III period and records a court decision following the contestation, by an officer, of a slave purchase by one of his men. The oath taken by the slave himself established the legal rights of the buyer (click on the image to be directed to the text’s corresponding CDLI page).

    Aḫīma bought (the slave) Šu-Erra,
    son of Ur-Bilgames, for 10 shekels of silver;
    Pussunum, his officer-of-sixty, said:
    "He did not buy him;"
    Šu-Erra, Šukubum (and) Azuli appeared as witnesses;
    among them, Šu-Erra was delivered to take the oath;
    after Šu-Erra had sworn, Aḫīma took over the slave.
    (Act established) in the presence of Lu-amana;
    year: “The king Amar-Suen destroyed Urbilum”
    (= 2nd year of the reign of Amar-Suen, ca. 2045 BC).

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A cooperative effort of the Museu de Montserrat,
and the Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative