In June 2011, UCLA graduate student Michael Heinle scanned 489 cuneiform artifacts held by the Special Collections of the Syracuse University Libraries as part of a digitization mission through upstate New York. The University’s artifacts were subsequently added to CDLI pages and are viewable here as well as through CDLI’s search engine. Raw images were processed to CDLI “fatcrosses” and added to the project’s existing web content on the text artifacts, including catalogue data and transliterations. All texts are Sumerian administrative documents, with the exception of one letter. The ancient texts in the Special Collections of the Syracuse University Library are exclusively Ur III (ca. 2100-2000 BC) records, and were edited by Marcel Sigrist in his 1983 volume Textes économiques néo-sumériens de l’Université de Syracuse. Imaging and image processing were made possible by funding from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, and were part of the on-going mission of CDLI to ensure the long-term digital preservation of ancient inscriptions on cuneiform tablets, and, in furtherance of cuneiform research, to provide persistent, free global access to all available text artifact data.

Syracuse University Libraries homepage
Special Collections of the SUL


All Syracuse inscriptions sorted by museum number

Texts by reigning king & date (following the Middle Chronology):

   Šulgi (2094–2047 BC)
   Amar-Suen (2046–2038 BC)
   Šu-Suen (2037–2029 BC)
   Ibbi-Suen (2028–2004 BC)

Texts by provenience:

   Umma (mod. Tell Jokha)
   Puzriš-Dagan (mod. Drehem)
   Girsu (mod. Tello)
   uncertain (mod. uncertain)

Search all CDLI inscriptions

The image to the right depicts the text SUL 439, a sealed document from the reign of the Ur III king Šulgi (2051 BC; click on image to be directed to its corresponding CDLI page). It describes the receipt by the Umma governor’s treasurer of silver as evident remittance for fish quotas that had not been met by province fishermen. It reads:

11 1/3 shekels 25 grains of silver, replaced deficit of the fishermen, from Ur-Šara did Akalla receive; month “mineš” (7th month, Umma calender), year: “The priestess of Nanna with a goat (i.e, via extispicy) was determined” (Šulgi 43); (sealed by) Akalla, scribe, son of Ur-nigar, cattle manager.


A cooperative effort of the the Syracuse University Libraries,
and the Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative