A New King of Susa and Anshan : Notes

1  P. Daneshmand presented the Akkadian brick in the Cuneiform Reading Group that was held at the Griffith Institute’s Teaching Room at the University of Oxford on 4 March 2014. We must thank all participants in that session, including Stephanie Dalley, Kathrin Kelley, Marie-Christine Ludwig, Christopher Metcalf, and Klaus Wagensonner, for their invaluable suggestions. We are also grateful to Abdoulmajid Arfaee and Daniel T. Potts for their generous help. As for the Assyrian fragment, we are indebted to Grant Frame who, during his stay in Oxford, kindly cooperated with Daneshmand and noticed that this fragment is an Assurnasirpal II text. Most of all, thanks are due to Jacob Dahl for his careful reading of the manuscript, and his generous advice and helpful corrections.

 

2  For the sake of clarity and comparison, a score apparatus for the three tablets is given here.

 

3  MDP 53, p. 11.

 

4  Alvarez-Mon 2012: 752 ; Potts 2012: 42

 

5  The genealogy of Šilḫak-Inšušinak is published in EKI 48 & 2 and MDP 11, 96 = EKI 48b & 3. The lack of the name of the Igi-ḫatet in the genealogy cannot be problematic as some other names like Atta-ḫušu are not mentioned in this document, despite the fact that they are well known Elamite kings through their individual bricks; cf. Malbran-Labat 1995: 30-33. A broken text first published by Hüsing (1916: 86) speaks of rebuilding the temple of Manzat (see also EKI 42). The further research in Deh-e-no revealed some other fragments which showed that Šutruk-Naḫḫunte was the king who rebuilt the temple of Manzat; cf. Or 37, 299-303. Since he refers to the previous kings whose names were written on the bricks of the temple, one may expect that he had seen Igi-ḫatet’s brick and was aware of him, while there is no evidence which proves his son, Šilḫak-Inšušinak dealt with Manzat’s sanctuary that it may explain why he did not mention the name of Igi-ḫatet in his genealogy. It is possible that there is no genealogical kinship between the Igiḫalkids, the Šutrukids, and Igi-ḫatet.

 

6  MDP 4, pp. 169, 183.

 

7  Herrero & Glassner 1993: 104; see also HT 339: 5 at page 122: [...]-ḫa-te-et.

 

8  ZA 58, 70.

 

9  MDP 4, p. 169, 183 = MDP 22, 132 19, 162 2. See further Hinz & Koch 1987: 52, 96.

 

10  See texts 14, 19, and 20 in Malbran-Labat 1995. For various attestations of Susa, see Vallat 1993: 268.

 

11  A comparison between the three bricks makes it certain that three different scribes were involved in their writing, since there is a clear distinction in their literary style and dialect. Mofidi-Nasrabadi has recently (2013: 89-133) published some other fragments excavated from Deh-e-no. A number of them are clearly similar to Igi-ḫatet inscriptions, but they are either completely or partly broken on their left sides where the name is attested. Only in one brick (D.N.12-1228-8), the signs diši-gi-ḫa-te […] are legible. However, Mofidi-Nasrabadi (2013: 95), following Steve’s transliteration, in all cases reconstructed the name as “Igi-ḫalki.” As the photos show, mimation is apparently preserved in ba-la-ṭa-am (Mofidi-Nasrabadi 2013: D.N.12-1278-20).

 

12  Scheil 1932: 135.

 

13  For an analysis of the Old Babylonian features of these texts, see Salonen 1962.

 

14  Potts 1999: 191

 

15  Potts 1999: 222