The Names of the Leaders and Diplomats of Marḫaši and Related Men in the Ur III Dynasty: Notes

1 We would like to acknowledge our extensive use of both the database of the Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI) and of the Database of Neo-Sumerian Texts (BDTNS), in particular the use of photographs to perform collations. Collated signs and readings by us are marked with * (asterisk). We are grateful to Prof. Wayne Horowitz who read our article and corrected its English for us.


2 The reading of A-ši-ba-tal in Nisaba 8, 382, is incorrect; it should be read er2*-su3*-a*, “the deep weeping ritual.”


3 A sa12-ti-um in Girsu, with his seal: sa12-ti-um, dub-sar, dumu da-[da?], dealt with barley delivery to Nippur in Šulgi 46 viii (MVN 12, 40; HLC 3, 367 no month) and ix (MVN 12, 68), xii (Berens 24), and Š 48 (barley, MVN 8, 179). Note Šu-Salla in Puzriš-Dagan was named as “easterner” only during Š 47 iii, viii and 48 viii. Apart from Šu-salla, only Riz-ili was once called “the easterner” on Š 47 viii/22 (RA 74, 2 a): 1 gu4 6 udu 4 maš2, niĝ2-mussasa2 ri-iz/‡-dingir sa12-ti-um [e2] da-a-a-ni muḫaldim-še3 (1 bull, 10 rams/goats for the bridal gift of Riz-ili, the easterner, to the [office] of Dayyani, cook). The word is not mentioned in other years. In Š 48, Riz-ili became a rá-gaba knight working for Abi-simti, the new dowager name of Šulgi-simti, queen of the late Šulgi, and also for Ur-Suen, the crown prince name of Amar-Sin, for which see Wu, Yuhong in JAC 27, 2012, but where, however, I missed the translation of Scheil to the private tablet RA 13, 20 7 (see BDTNS; Š 48 no month), which may indicate that in the last months of the last year of Šulgi, the new name Abi-simti appeared firstly, which may prove that after her royal husband died in 48 x, Šulgi-simti immediately changed her name to Abi-simti. Although the “ki a-naĝ” of Šulgi-simti was mentioned in AS 1 iii 28 (see ZVO 25, 134 2), she did not die soon after the death of Šulgi. The famous Arad-Nanna, sukkal-mah (secretary of state), once also appeared in the ki a-naĝ in Šu-Sin 7 viii (CUSAS 3, 971), but is still active until IS 3 (Girsu TCTI 1, 897). Abi-simti was active from Amar-Sin 1 xi to Šu-Sin 9 xii. Riz(/ṣ)-ili as knight continues to appear in documents from AS 4 iii 24 to AS 9 xi 16 (BAOM 6, 138 297), and in ŠS 2 ii 20, he was already promoted by the new king Šu-Sin to the rank of the šar2-ra-ab-du scribe official. He retires one or two years later. After Šulgi 48, Šu-salla was less active. On AS 5 viii 22 (OIP 121, 96), he delivered a lamb/kid tribute to the Ur court, together with those of Beli-arik, governor of Susa (41 ibexes), Ḫun-Šulgi, general of Umma, Šu-Ištar, Arad-ḫulla, generals, and Šu-Sin, the crown prince.


4 This is possibly a Hurrian name, since Tiš-atal is a Hurrian ruler who was ensi2 of Ninua/Nineveh on ŠS 3 ix 28 (Studies Leichty 504) and x (JCS 28, 179)


5 Michalowski 2011: letters nos. 1, 2, 3 & 11 are about Apilaša, gal-zu ukken-na, “President of the Council.”


6 Lu-dingira I is assigned by us to the same named official who was the keeper of wild animals, and Lu-dingira II here was the livestock keeper of the Animal Center.


7 AS 5 viii 7, 1 sila4 ad-da-gi-na ensi2 ḫa-ar-šiki (Torino 1, 68); AS 8 i [18?]: ad-da-gi-na ensi2 ḫa-ar-šiki (MVN 13, 636); AS 8 vii 2: 1 udu lu2 kin-gi4-a ad-da-gi-na lu2 ḫa-ar-šiki (PDT 1, 548); AS 8 ix 13, 14, 16: i-ša-we-er dumu ad-da-gi-na, lu2 ḫa-ar-šiki, giri3 ri-ip-ḫu-ti sukkal, (OIP 121, 555, BCT 1, 83); AS 9 ix 14: 1 maš2-gal in-ši-we-er, dumu ad-da-gi-na ensi2 ḫa-ar-šiki (OIP 121, 572); AS 9: 1 sila4 kin-gi4-a ad-da-gi-na (SET 106) (ŠS 8 i 29: giri3 ad-da-gi-na, lu2 KA×LAGAB PDT 1, 617).


8 AS [2 vi] 23: ZA 97, 230; AS 3 i 11: 1 gu4 niga [zu-bu]-uš lu2 kin-gi4-a ia3-a-ab- ra!-at šimašgi2[ki], giri3 lugal-ka-gi-[na] (TCL 2, 5559); AS 5 xii 22: giri3 ur-šar-ru-gen7 sukkal (AUCT 2, 318); AS 7 v 21: 1 udu niga ga-ad-da-du, 1 maš2-gal niga zu-bu-uš, lu2 kin-gi4-a ia3-a-ab-ra-at šimašgi2ki-me.