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Publication
Primary publication: CDLI Literary 000362 (Gilgamesh and the Bull of Heaven) composite
Author: CDLI
Publication date: 2014ff.
Secondary publication(s): Black, Jeremy A., et al., ETCSL (1998-2006) 1.8.1.2 Gilgamesh and the bull of heaven
Citation:
Author remarks:
Published collation:
CDLI no.: P469668
UCLA Library ARK 21198/z1c54s8n
CDLI comments:
Source of original electronic files
Catalogue: 20140911 wagensonner
Transliteration: etcslstaff
Translation: no translation
Photo: If not otherwise indicated, digital images were prepared in their current form by CDLI staff, in some cases with the kind assistance of collection staff. For terms of use, click here.

Line Art: If not otherwise indicated, line art drawings prepared in their digital form by CDLI staff are to be credited to primary publication author(s).

Collection Information
Owner:
Museum no.:
Accession no.:
Acquisition history:

Text Content:
Genre: Literary
Sub-genre: ETCSL 1.08.01.02 Gilgamesh and Bull of Heaven (composite)
Sub-genre remarks:
Composite no.: Q000362
Language: Sumerian
Physical Information
Object type: other (see object remarks)
Material: composite
Object remarks: composite text
Measurements (mm): x x
Object preservation:
Surface preservation:
Condition description:
Join information:
Seal no.:
Seal information:
Provenience:
Provenience:
Provenience remarks: Mesopotamia
Excavation no.:
Findspot square:
Elevation:
Stratigraphic level:
Findspot remarks:
Chronology:
Period: Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Period remarks:
Date of Origin: 00.00.00.00
Dates referenced: 00.00.00.00
Date remarks:
Alternative years:
Accounting period:


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Composite text

surface a
1. szul me3-ka szul me3-ka en-du-ni ga-an-du11
2. en {d}gilgames2 szul me3-ka en-du-ni ga-an-du11
3. a2-ur2 sa6-sa6 szul me3-ka en-du-ni ga-an-du11
4. en tur kal-kal-ga szul me3-ka en-du-ni ga-an-du11
5. en {na4}su11 ku10-ku10 szul me3-ka en-du-ni ga-an-du11
6. geszpu2 lirum x x [...] szul me3-ka en-du-ni ga-an-du11
7. lugal szul ama? x [...]
8. lugal-gu10 x x x [...]
9. en-gu10 {gesz}kiri6 {gesz}za?-ba?-lum [...]
10. kisal x x x URU? x [...]
11a. ge6?-par4? [...]
11b. x x x en-e ama ugu-ni gu3 mu-na-de2
11c. lugal-gu10 i7-da e11 NI sahar szu x [...]
11d. en-gu10 {gesz}kiri6-zu e11 NI x [...]
11e. [...] sag?-tun3? buru14-ni [...]
11f. [...] x IM x [...]
$ rest broken

surface b
1. [...] x x [...]
2. x x NE kisal x [...]
3. kisal mah-a me3 nu-me-a lu2 [...]
4. x x e2-la2-e e2-la2-e igi mu-un-[...]
5. ku3 {d}inanna-ke4 e2-la2-e igi mu-un-[...]
6. e2-gal abzu-ta e2-la2-e? [...] igi mu-un-ba-[...]
7. am-gu10 lu2-gu10 |ME.EN.NE.EN| szu nu-ri-bar-re
8. en {d}gilgames2 am-gu10 lu2-gu10 NE szu nu-ri-bar-re
9. e2-an-na-ka di ku5-de3 szu nu-ri-bar-re
10. ge6-par4 ku3-ga2 ka-asz bar-re szu nu-ri-bar-re
11. e2-an-na an-ne2 ki ag2 di ku5-de3 szu nu-ri-bar-re
12. {d}gilgames2 za-e u3-NE he2-me-en za-e gu4? he2-e?
13. nig2-ba {d}inanna ge6-par4-zu-sze3 nam-ba-ni-ku4-ku4
14. {d}nin-e2-gal a2 nam-ur-sag-ga2-ke4-esz2 nam-bi-szi?-x
15. {d}inanna nin? e-sir2-gu10 za-e nam-ba-ni-in-TAR
16. gu4 kur-ra ga-an-du11 tur3-ba ga-am3-mi-ib-si
17. udu kur-ra ga-an-du11 amasz-ba ga-am3-mi-ib-si
18. ku3 {na4}gug i3?-gar i-sur-sur-me-esz ga? u5?
19. in-nin9-e gu3 ba-an-de2 KA-ni ba-an-pa-an
20. {d}inanna-ke4 gu3 ba-de2 KA-ni ba-an-pa-an
21. [...] x NE ta? za-e ma? i-ra-an-du11
22. [...] x NE ta? za-ra ma-ra-an-du11
23. [...] x-gin7 nu-du3? {d}gilgames2
24. [...] x x x x
25. [...] HA? x x
26. [...] x x HA? RA? x x x x NE
27. [...] RA? x tug2-da-a
28. [...] BI? ib-ta-ni-in-gar
29. x [...]
30. x [...]
31. sza3-bi? [...]
32. kusz-bi [...]
33. usz2-bi x x [...]
34. [...] bi2-in?-[...]
35. {d}inanna-ke4 a szi-im-lu-lu szurum i3-x x x
36. an-ne2 ki ag2-gu10 SU na-ba-[...]
37. gi-dur im-ma-ni-in-dab5 an [...]
38. lu2-tur-gu10 a-ba-kam a szi-lu3-lu3-e i7? x szurum [...]
39. gu4 gal szu bar-ra unu{ki}-ga x [...]
40. gu4 gal {d}gilgames2 szu bar-ra unu{ki} ba9-re6?
41. mu ni2-ga2 nu-mu-na-ab-ze2-ge26
42. a szi-im-lu3-lu3-e szurum gur4-gur4-re
43. a-a-gu10 gu4 an-na ha-ma-ze2-eg3-e [...]
44. en ga-mu-un-ug5-ga en ga-mu-un-ug5-ga
45. en {d}gilgames2 en ga-mu-un-ug5-ga
46. an gal-e ku3 {d}inanna-ke4 mu-na-ni-ib2-gi-gi4?
47. lu2-tur-gu10 gu4 an-na u2-gu7-bi in-nu an-ur2-ra u2-gu7-bi-im
48. ki-sikil {d}inanna gu4 an-na ki {d}utu e3-a-sze3 u2 im-da-gu7-e
49. za-e gu4 an-na nu-mu-e-da-ab-ze2-eg3-en
50. ku3 {d}inanna-ke4 gu2? mu-na-ni-ib2-gi-gi
51. ge26-e gu3 ba-de2-e-en an ki-sze3 a-ba-da-te
52a. ni2 ba-da-an-te ni2 ba-da-an-te
52b. x inanna ni2 ba-da-an-te
53. an gal ku3 {d}inanna-ke4 mu-na-ni-ib2-gi-gi
54a. gu4 an-na hu-mu-na-ab-ze2-ge26
54b. [...] gu3 an-e ba-te gu3 ki-sze3 ba-te
54c. [...] x x gu3 an-e ba-te gu3 ki-sze3 ba-te
54d. [...] tug2-gin7 im-mi-in-dul gada-gin7 im-mi-in-bur2
54e. [...] x a-ba-a in-na-an-du11?
54f. [...] a-ba-a in-na-an-du11
54g. [...] szum2
55. ki-sikil {d}inanna nam-nita-gin7 saman za-gin3-na szu ba-ni-in-du8
56. ku3 {d}inanna-ke4? gu4 an-na an-ta-e3
57. gu4 unu{ki}-ga-ke4 u2 mu-gu7-e
58. i7 a-ge6 lu-a a i3-na8-na8
59. i7 a-ge6 lu-a gaba 1(disz)? danna{na}-ta ib2-sa2 sza3-bi nu-si-si
60. u2 mu-un-gu7-e ki im-si-ge
61. {gesz}geszimmar unu{ki}-ga al-ku5-de3 ka-bi-sze3 i3-gur-gur
62. gu4 gub-ba unu{ki}-e im-si
63. gu4 an-na ni2-a-ni im-si
64. nar-a-ni [...]
65. igi il2-a-ni [...]
66. gam-gam-ma-ni [...]
67a. NI KA? LU? e? [...]
67b. u4-ba en? {d}gilgames2 [...] nar-a-ni [...]
67c. {d}gilgames2 nar-a-ni lugal-gaba-gal2 mu?-na?-[...]
67d. nar-gu10 sa-zu si-bi2-ib [...] nag-i3 [...]
67e. zabar szu-za [...] x ni x [...]
67f. nar-a-ni [...] x [...]
67g. [...] lugal-gaba-gal2 [...] x x mu-na-ni-ib-gi4-gi4
67h. [...] lugal-gaba-gal2 sa-zu si-ni-ib a ga-an-na8-na8-an
67i. [...] x nag-a inim-bi-sze3 nig2-nam-me-zu nu-gal2
67j. [...] lugal-gaba-gal2 mu-na-ni-ib-gi4-gi4
67k. [...] x-sze3 im ga? [...]
67l. [...] igi? im-ma-ni-in-se3
67m. [...] x-sze3 ba-ni-in-[...]
67n. [...]-na8-na8-en en [...]
67o. [...] x i3-na8-na8-en [...]
67p. [...] an-ta-an-e3 [...]
67q. [...] u2 x [...]
67r. [...]
67s. [...] x [...]
67t. [...] e DI [...]
67u. [...] al
67v. [...]
67x. [...] unu{ki} [...]
68. en {d}gilgames2 [...]
69. inanna gu4 an-na [...]
70. gu4 unu{ki} [...]
71. i7 a-ge6 lu a na8-na8
72. i7 a-ge6 lu danna{na}-ta-am3 ib2-si sza3-bi nu-si-si
73. u2 mu-gu7-e ki im-si-ge-e
73a. nin-ni [...]
73b. {d}gilgames2 [...]
73c. ama-gu10 en ME [...]
73d. nin9-gu10 e2?-a [...]
73e. gu4 dur2-bi-sze3 i-im-ma-[...]
73f. udu dur2-bi-sze3 i-im-ma-[...]
73g. kasz dur2?-bi-sze3? he2-em-[...]
73h. {d}gilgames2 x [...]
73j. gu4 an-na u3 za-e [...]
73k. u3 za-e nu-ub-se3-ge [...]
73l. {d}gilgames2 [...]
74. [...] x x x szagan? x x x
75. [...] x x mu-na-ni-ib2-gi-gi
76. [...] lu2 x x x x [...]-ne-ne
77. [...] x mu-na-ni-ib2-gi-gi
78. szagan? a x-ru? ga-[...]
79. ad6-zu sila si-ga he2-en-szub
80. sza3-mah-zu sila dagal-la he2-en-szub
81. kusz-zu su-si-ig-ga-asz he2-en-szub
82. uzu-zu dumu nu-mu-un-su-a-ke4? dumu iri-ke4? [...] {gesz}dusu-ta ga-am3-ta-ha-la [...]
83. si-zu 2(disz)-a-bi szagan i3 du10-ga-sze3 {d}inanna-ra e2-an-na-sze3 ga-mu-na-an-gar
84. inanna bad3? igi mu-ni-la2
85. gu4-de3 sahar-ra gu3 bi2-in-du11
86. en {d}gilgames2 sag-du-ta i3-du?
87. en-ki-du10 dur lib-ba-na [...] ba?-an-e11
88. dumu iri-na mu-un-da-ni-re7-esz-am3 amar gesz nu-zu sahar ba-e-ne-szi-dul5?
89. en-ki-du10 egir gu4-da-sze3 im-mi-gub [...] ka? mu-un-nigin2
90. lugal-a-ni-ir {d}gilgames2-ra gu3 mu-na-de2-e
91. i3-a lum-lum u3-luh-ha su3-su3
92. dumu-gi7 giri17-zal dingir-re-ne
93. gu4 lipisz-tuku me3-a gub-ba
94. en gal {d}gilgames2 unu{ki?} bi2-in-du11-ga
95. ama-zu dumu u3-tu-da mah-bi he2-em-zu
96. emeda-ga-la2-zu dumu-ra ga-ba mah-bi he2-em-zu
96a. en dumu-gi7 AN x [...]
97. ni2 na-te-ge26 ur-sag-ga2 usu nu-tuku ni2-te-a-ni
98. ki a-ra2 gi-na x x x x x [...]
99. {uruda}ha-zi-in [...]
100. gu4-de3 [...]
101. gu4 an-na [...]
102. a-gin7 [...]
103. HAR x [...]
$ rest broken

surface c
$ (version from Me-Turan)
column 1
1. szul me3-kam szul me3-kam in-du-ni ga-an-du11
2. en {d}gilgames2 szul me3-kam in-du-ni ga-an-du11
3. en su ku10-ku10 szul me3-kam in-du-ni ga-an-du11
4. a2-ur2 sa6-sa6 szul me3-kam in-du-ni ga-an-du11
5. UL-nir-ma szul me3-kam in-du-ni ga-an-du11
6. nig2-erim2 du7-du7 szul me3-kam in-du-ni ga-an-du11
7. lugal-e en-e ama ugu-ne-ra a2-kal ISZ ta-a-ni-x i7-da NAGA-de3
8. en-gu10 {gesz}kiri6 {gesz}za-ba-al-sze3? ku4?-NE kin-a-zu-ne
9. en ge6-par4-ta udu nir-ra-am3 siki am3-ze2 SAR-SAR
10. KAL sag-ga2-ke4 dur2 bi-gar ZI-gin7 SZEN? NE?-na
11. lugal-e ZI-gin7 SZEN NE-na gi-sal-la gu2 gur2
12. nun gi-sal-la gi lum-lum-ma-gin7 x x x mu-szi-ib-szu2
13. nig2-erim2-bi za-e SZEN-gin7 x [...] x-szu2
14. ama ugu-ne-ra DI? na mu-un-[...]-na-szum2
15. kisal dagal-la [...]
16. {d}gilgames2 gesz bulug3? x [...]
17. KA gul?-gul?-e NE? [...]
18. kisal mah-e kin A? [...]
19. u4-bi-a e2?-la2-e? [...]
20. ku3 {d}inanna-ke4 e2-la2-e igi mu-un-bar
21. e2 abzux(DE2)-ta? e2-la2-e igi mu-un-bar
22. am-gu10 lu-gu10 IM ma NI ta [...] szu nu-ri-bar-re
23. {d}gilgames2 IM ma NI ta [...] szu nu-ri-bar-re
24. e2-an-na-gu10 di ku5-de3 szu nu-ri-bar-re
25. ge6-par4 gu2-gu10 kasz bar-re szu nu-ri-bar-re
26. e2-an-na an-na ki ag2 di ku5-de3 szu nu-ri-bar-re
27. {d}gilgames2 za-e [...] IM ma NI ta ge26-e [...] IM ma NI ta
28. lugal-e ka?-ka-ne [...]
29. lugal-e ama ugu-ne-ra [...]
30. {d}gilgames2 {d}nin-sumunx(SZE3) x [...]
31. ama ugu-gu10 en?-gin7 uzu x [...]
32. {gesz}ig abula-ke4 x [...]
33. suh10 bad3-ke4 [...] gar-gar [...]
34. am-gu10 lu-gu10 IM ma NI ta [...] szu nu-mu-ni-bar-re
35. {d}gilgames2 IM ma NI ta [...] szu nu-mu-ni-bar-re
36. e2-an-na-gu10 di mu-un-ku5-de3 szu nu-mu-ni-bar-re
37. ge6-par4 gu2-gu10 kasz mu-un-bar-re szu nu-mu-ni-bar-re
38. e2-an-na an-na [...] ki ag2-a-ni
39. {d}gilgames2 za-e me3? x IM ma NI ta ge26-e KA ga? IM ma NI ta
40. ama ugu-ne-ra ur5-gin7 mu-un-na-ab-be2-ak?-ka
41. ama ugu-ne {d}gilgames2-ra mu-na-ni-ib-gi4-gi4
$ rest broken
column 2
1. ku3 {d}inanna [...]
2. an-e [...]
3. dur an-na x [...]
4. an-e ku3 {d}inanna-ra [...]-e
5. lu2-tur-gu10 [...]-e
6. {d}inanna [...]-gi4-gi4
7. AN [...]-a
8. [...]-a
9. [...]-be2
10. [...]-e
11. [...] NE?
12. [...] x MU
13. [...] gi
14. [...] IB? la [...]
15. [...]-gu7-e
16. [...] x x gi?
17. [...] x-ab-be2
18. [...] x sag3
19. [...] gu4 mu-ra-ra [...]
20. [...] x szum2-mu
21. [...] szum2-mu
22. [...] x
23. [...] x
24. [...]-gu7-e
25. [...]-gu7-e
$ rest broken
column 3
# (uncertain if this segment belongs here.)
1. [...] BI? x [...]
2. [...] x nag? [...]
3. [...] x gu2 mu-un-[...]
4. [...] mu-un-na-te x [...]
5. [...]-ga igi im-ma-an-se3
$ rest broken
column 4
1. [...] x [...]
2. [...] x x TUG2 ba-ni-[...]
3. [...] a nag [...]
4. [...] x x x x x x [...]
5. nar-gu10 lugal-gaba-gar en3-du-zu da-ga-ab sa-a-zu si-bi2-ib
6. kasz mu-un-nag zabar sila3 gi4-bi-ib [...]
7. lugal-gaba-gar {d}gilgames2 lugal-a-ni-ra? gu3 mu-na-ni-ib-gi4
8. lugal-gu10 za-e u2 da-an-gu7-e za-e a da-an-na8-na8
9. ge26-e inim-bi a-na-am3 mu-[...]
10. gu4-e ra-ra-de3 [...]
11. {d}gilgames2 gu4-e ra-ra-de3 [...]
12. ib2-ba-ru 5(u) ma-na-am3 [...]
13. giri2 7(disz) gu2-un 3(u) ma-na-am3 [...]
14. ha-zi-in x x [...]
15. ama ugu-gu10 [...]
16. nin9-a-ni x [...]
17. ama ugu-ni [...]
18. {d}pesz3-tur nin9 ban3-da [...]
19. {d}gilgames2 AN x [...]
20. ama ugu-gu10 e2? {d}en-ki? x [...]
21. {d}pesz3-tur nin9 ban3-da e2-a?-ni [...]
22. gu4 {d}ur-be2-esz i-in-gi? [...]
23. udu {d}ur-be2-esz i-in-gi? [...]
24. gu4 an-na za-e za-e [...]
25. u3 za-e ba-an-ze2-ge-esz [...]
26. u3 ge26-e ba-an-ze2-ge-esz [...]
27. tukum-bi ba-an-ze2-ge [...]
28. kusz-zu sila-sze3 he2-em-ma-ab-szum2-mu
29. sza3-mah-zu sila dagal-la he2-em-ma-ab-szum2-mu
30. uzu-zu dumu mu-un-su iri-ga2-ke4-ne {gesz}dusu-ta he2-em-ta-ba-e-ne
31. kusz-zu su-sig-sze3 he2-em-ma-ab-szum2-mu
32. si-zu 2(disz)-ab2-bi szagan i3 du10-ga-sze3 {d}inanna-ra e2-an-na-ka he2-em-ta-bala-e
33. gu4-e sahar-ra [...]
34. {d}gilgames2 [...]
35. {d}en-ki-du3 [...]
36. dumu iri{ki}-na [...]
37. amar gesztu2-zu-gin7 sahar-ra x x [...]
38. {d}en-ki-du3 sag gu 4(disz)-kam bi-ib-gub en {d}gilgames2 gu2 mu-un-na-de2-a [...]
39. ia4 lum-lum u2-luh-ha su3-su3
40. dumu-gi7 giri17-zal dingir-re-e-ne
41. gu4 lipisz sza3 tuku me3 an-gub-ba
42. ur-sag x x x-gu10-ne-sze3 szu-zu szu mu-ni-[...]
43. lu2-ulu3 x [...]
44. lu2-ulu3? x [...]
45. {d}en-ki-du {d}gilgames2-ra ur5-gin7 hu-mu-un-na-ab-e2-ak-ke4
46. {d}gilgames2 ha-zi-in? 7(disz) gu2?-un?-am3 ugu-bi e-ne ba-an-sag3
47. gu4-e sag il2-la il2-la im-ma-ab-dirig
48. im-gin7 mu-lu3-lu3 buru14-gin7 im-szu2-szu2
49. lugal-e muhaldim gal nu-me-a giri2 szu-ni ba-an-dab5
50. {d}inanna-ke4 za3 dib-ba ba-an-sag3 tu-gur4{muszen}-gin7 ba-an-dal-dal bad3-bi i3-gul-e
51. lugal-e sag gu 4(disz)-kam bi2-in-gub er2 gig i3-szex(|IGIxA|)-szex(|IGIxA|)
52. ur5-ra-ta ge26-e mu-un-da-gul-e ur5-ra-am3 i3-kin-de3
53. bi2-in-du11-ga-gi-na
54. kusz-bi sila-sze3 im-ma-ab-szum2-mu
55. sza3-mah-bi sila dagal-la im-ma-ab-szum2-mu
56. uzu-bi dumu nu-mu-un-su iri{ki}-na-ke4-ne {gesz}dusu-ta he2-em-ta-ba-e-ne
57. kusz-bi su-si-ig-sze3 im-ma-ab-szum2-mu
58. si-bi 2(disz)-a-bi {gesz}szagan i3 du10-ga-ke4 ku3 {d}inanna-ke4 e2-an-na-ke4 he2-em-ta-da-bala-e
59. gu4 an-na ug5-ga ku3 {d}inanna-ke4 za3-mi2-zu du10-ga

surface d
$ (fragment of earlier version from Nippur)
column 1
$ beginning broken
1'. a ge6-par3 [...] si-ki [...]
2'. {gesz}u3 dub-sag-ga2-kam dur2? bi-in-gar
3'. sug-ga gal2-la-a-bi
4'. lugal-gu10 sug-ga gal2-la-a-bi {gesz}gisal-a gu2 gur-de3
5'. mu-un {gesz}gisal gi lum-lum-ma-a-gin7 a-a hu-mu-ri-ib2-szum2
6'. nig2 dirig-bi gazi am3 GAN u6-gin7 ma a-a hu-mu-ri-ib2-szum2
7'. kisal dagal x e2 {d}inanna-ka
8'. {d}gilgames2 gesz bulug3 x NAM? x szu x hu-mu-ni-in-x
9'. lugal-gu10 {gesz}kiri6 zabala x
10'. ku4-ku4 kin-ga2-zu-ne?
11'. a ge6-par3-ra-kam u6-du nin? x si-ki A SU ni3-si23
12'. {gesz}u3 dub-sag-ga2-kam dur2 bi-in-gar sug-ga-a mu-ni-in-la2
13'. lugal-gu10 sug-ga mu-ni-in-la2 {gesz}gisal-a gu2 ni3-gur
14'. mu-un {gesz}gisal-a gi lum-lum-ma-a-gin7 a-a hu-mu-na-ab?-szum2
15'. nig2 dirig-bi gazi am3 GAN u6-gin7 ma a-a hu-mu-na-ab-szum2
$ rest broken
column 2
1. nig2-ba {d}inanna ge6-par3-ra
2. nam-ba-ni-in-ku4-ku4
3. x x a2 nam-ur-sag-ga2-gu10
4. tug2? nam-i3-dul-e